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 SPINOZA

 

 

"Therefore, a Being absolutely infinite, such as God, has from Himself an absolutely infinite power of existence, and hence He does absolutely exist."                                                                                                                                                                      

(Elwes, 1951, 53)                                                                                                                     

"Therefore, we cannot be more certain of the existence of anything, than the existence of a being absolutely infinite or perfect -- that is, of God."                                                                                                                                                                                    

(Elwes, 53)

"As God is a being absolutely infinite, of whom no attribute that expresses the essence of substance can be denied, and He, necessarily exists, if any substance besides God were granted, it would have to be explained by some attribute of God, and thus, two substances with the same attribute would exist, which is absurd; therefore, besides God no substance can be granted, or, consequently, be conceived. If it could be conceived, it would necessarily, have to be conceived as existent; but this...is absurd. Therefore, besides God no substance can be granted or conceived conceived."                                                                                                                                                                                                            

(Elwes, 55)                                                                                                                                                                        

"Besides God no substance is granted or can be conceived."                                                                                                              

(Elwes, 55)

"God is the efficient cause of all that can fall within the sphere of an infinite intellect."                                                                    

(Elwes, 59)

_________________________

 Elwes, R. H. M. The Chief Works of Benedict De spinoza, Vol. II. New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1951.