This section is dedicated to the views of nobelists and other notable modern scientists.
You may want to start by checking the very interesting and thoroughly documented site below.
GOD AND SCIENCE
FROM VARIOUS RECENT SOURCES
Brian, Denis (Editor). The Voice of Genius. Cambridge, Masssachussets: Perseus Publishing, 1995.
PAUL DIRAC (Nobel, physics, 1933)
(Interview with his wife.)
What was your husbands attitude toward religion?
What was your husbands attitude toward religion?
He was a Christian. He went to church on Sundays.
You mean he believed in Jesus Christ?
Perhaps sometimes, and sometimes not. You know, most people are like that.
Most people I contacted are atheists.
My husband wasnt an atheist
Did he feel there was an intelligent creator?
We live in a world of chance, yet not of accident. God gambles but He does not cheat. (P. 137)
the stuff of mind pervades the universe .The stuff of the world is mind stuff The mind stuff is not spread in space and time.
I find that the Hindu and Buddhist thought on the imperishability, the immortality of what the Hindus call Self, (Soul or Spirit), the Atman, enormously interesting.
Do you think life has a purpose?
As I said, I began realizing years ago that this universe of ours is a life-breeding universe we are in an astonishing universe with a special concatenation of properties that makes life possible Humankind then takes a great place in cosmic evolution, one of transcendent worth and dignity in which our purpose is to know and create and to try to understand.
I once wrote A physicist is the atoms way of knowing about atoms. In our knowing, the universe comes to know itself.
This world is most consistent with purposeful creation. P. 153
The best data we have are exactly what I would have predicted had I nothing to go on but the five books of Moses, the Psalms, the Bible as a whole, in that the universe appears to have order and purpose.
(The Bible) reflects the same world view, rather than exactly the same world. Its consistent with the same world view, though not exactly the same, in the sense that there is not that kind of description. The Bible talks of purposeful creation. What we have, however, is an amazing amount of order; and when we see order, in our experience it normally reflects purpose.
And this order is reflected in the Bible?
Well, if we read the Bible as a whole we would expect order in the world. Purpose would imply order, and what we actually find is order.
So we can assume there might be purpose?
This world is most consistent with purposeful creation.
The kind of things that make me believe in purpose, or in the Bible, as it were, have to do with the miracles of existence, and not whether somebody can figure out a way of having ten percent better odds at blackjack.
Are you a practicing Jew?
Mathematics is just a tool to guide our intuition. Math isnt separate, its just one of those tools. It turns out as Kepler, the biggest true believer, said. He thought God was going to be a mathematician and it turned out to be a very fruitful supposition.
CHARLES TOWNES (NOBEL, PHYSICS, 1964)
Do you believe in God?
Very few physicists do.
Relatively few. But a surprising number actually and its becoming somewhat larger. The interaction between science and religion has increased, I think, in the last decade or so.
Do you believe purely on faith?
I would say I feel it intuitively. I think my prayers have been answered. On the other hand, to prove it scientifically is somewhat like the problem of telepathy. Its my own judgment over my experience that makes me believe in God.
Do you believe Jesus Christ was God?
That he was part of God I could say, yes in a sense he was, and
so are you. Christ comes closer to being God-like than most of the rest of us certainly.
That he was part of God I could say, yes in a sense he was, and so are you. Christ comes closer to being God-like than most of the rest of us certainly.
(Intro before the interview.)
Nobel laureate Artur Schawlows favourite book is not The Origin of Species or the collected works of Isaac Newton, but the Bible. This he told Carl Irving, when interviewed by The San Francisco Examiner in 1985. When I spoke with Schawlow almost a decade later, he not only confirmed his faith but said his brother-in-law, Charles Townes, is also religious. (P. 209)
Is the Bible your favorite reading?
I dont read it very much, but if you asked me what I thought was the greatest book ever written I guess Id have to say that was.
Are you religious?
Yes, I was brought up a Protestant Christian and Ive been in a number of denominations I go to church to a very good Methodist church.
Do you believe that Jesus was God?
I wouldnt say I disbelieve it Certainly I think Jesus was the greatest moral philosopher. And the imitation of Jesus is the way to save your life, I think. Beyond that I dont know.
There is a divine Providence over and above the materialistic happenings of biological evolution.
There is a fundamental mystery in my personal existence, transcending the biological account of the development of my body and my brain. That belief , of course, is in keeping with the religious concept of the soul and with its special creation by God.
From the scientific view the mind can only find expression through the brain. Now there may be extraneural communication in the way of prayer, between the mind of man and the mind of God in the way of extrasensory perception.
there is a grand design in which all conscious individuals play a role (quoted by interviewer from Penfields The mystery of the Mind, New Jersey: Princeton, 1975,
FROM, Bertch McGrayne, Sharon. Nobel Prize Women in Science. A
Birch Lane Press Book, 1993
Quoted by the author from her booklet Broken for Life.
(Her words are in quotations.)
Can you find a wholeness that includes pain and a readiness to suffer? she asked. If God is a loving, caring God in charge of the world, why is there suffering? And why so much of it fall on innocent people?
In her book, she offers a possible resolution to these ageless questions. Although she was loath to abandon the idea of a kindly God, perhaps God is not running the world. If the world is not run by God, then the calamities that occur cannot be blamed on God. Perhaps God decided that we are responsible adults that should be given a free hand and allowed to get on with life without interference God would still exert influence on the world, but only through people, through their attitudes and what they do, through their healing and reconciliation.
As a physicist, Burnell found such randomness comforting. It actually ties in very well with the randomness of uncertainty that modern physicists know is at the heart of everything and seems to be one of the givens of this world. In fact she found the idea liberating, releasing one from the constraints of rewards and punishments, just and unjust, cause and effect.
Sometimes religion appears to be presented as offering easy cures for pain: have faith and God will mend your hurts (But) healing so as to eradicate all the trace of the encounter is not part of the package, she concluded. Brokenness is an essential ingredient in life. Suffering can mature us and make us more sensitive to others ; then through small deeds and kind actions we can interact with empathy, reassuring and helping others But pain is not part of a Grand Design and will not come to a purposeful ending unless we work at it to ensure that it does.
(This is a portion of an interview with Candace Pert, the discoverer of the opiate receptor.)
"Einstein and other physicists have described experiencing an almost religious awe when contemplating the laws of the universe. Do you feel the same way about the brain?"
"No, I don't feel an awe for the brain. I feel an awe for God. I see in the brain all the beauty of the universe and its order--constant signs of God's presence. I am learning that the brain obeys all the physical laws of the universe. It's not anything special. And yet it is the most special thing in the universe." (P. 390)
===================================================================================Chandra FROM: Wichrasinge, "Science and the Divine Origin of Life," The Intellectuals Speak out on God, ed. Varghese, 23-37. Quoted in Ruggiero, V. R. Warning Nonsense is Destroying America. Nashville: T. Nelson Publ., 1994, P. 175.
CHANDRA WICKRASINGE (British scientist who worked with Sir Fred Hoyle.)
"There's no evidence for all of the basic tenets of Darwinian evolution. I don't believe there was aver any evidence for it. It was a social force that took over the world in 1860, and I think it has been a disaster for science ever since.
Genuine science, she says, supports, " some miraculous property of life that's either explained in terms of a statistical miracle or in terms of an Intelligent intervening.It's one or the other."